SAWS: History & Chronology
Aquifer Beaker

Edwards Aquifer

Aquifer Level 662.9'
11/20/17 - Official

The Edwards aquifer and its catchment area in the San Antonio region is about 8,000 square miles and includes all or part of 13 counties in south-central Texas.

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Year-Round Watering Hours

Watering with an irrigation system or sprinkler is allowed any day of the week before 11 a.m. or after 7 p.m.

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Aquifer Level 662.9 | Year-Round Watering Hours

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History & Chronology

1970s

 

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1970

TWQB issues first Edwards "Board Order" for Aquifer protection.

1971-1974

San Antonio Ranch Controversy and court fights first raises the issue of possible pollution of the Aquifer by development; Edwards Aquifer becomes a household word.

1974

TWQB issues an amended "Board Order" for Aquifer protection.

1974

Local environmental groups form an Aquifer Protection Association with the single purpose of raising funds to purchase land on the recharge zone of the Aquifer.

1974

Appeals Court hands down its decision on San Antonio Ranch. The decision essentially stated that development could go forward under the strict guidelines of the Texas Water Quality Board.

1974

Congress passes Public Law 93-943 authorizing construction of Cibolo Reservoir.

1974
December

City executes Sewer Service contract with Denton Utility Co. for Encino Park MUD. City decides not to oversize outfall line.

1975
August

Representatives of Barshop Ent. file Zoning case #6207 for 117.017 acres at southeast corner of US 281 N and FM 1604. They request a change in zoning to allow single family, multi family and a shopping mall.

1975
October

Council passes Ordinance #45792, establishing the Edwards Recharge Overlay Zone as part of the Zoning Ordinance. Council approves rezoning request for case #6207. City establishes an Aquifer Protection Office within the Public Works Department to review the type of development proposed over Recharge Zone.

1975
November

Aquifer Protection Association begins petition drive to ask council to overturn the mall zoning.

1976
January

APA secures enough signatures to force a referendum on the mall zoning.

1975
February/March

Referendum - Citizens vote heavily in opposition to the mall. Zoning case is reversed.

1975
April

San Pedro North Ltd. files suit against the City of San Antonio seeking to overturn Council's decision on the mall. GBRA contract is finalized by CWB and transmitted to City Council.

1975
May

Council retains firm of Metcalf and Eddy to determine if the mall zoning endangers the Aquifer. Council votes down CWB\GBRA contract.

1975
November

Metcalf & Eddy issues first phase of report - This report expands M&E's function to a consideration of how much development over the recharge zone is safe. Council approves the expansion of the Metcalf & Eddy report.

1977
April

First Council elections under 10-1 districting plan.

1977
June

Council passes Ordinance #48106 banning all further development over the recharge zone until the Metcalf & Eddy study is complete.

1977
June

Due to passage of Ordinance #48106 the Encino Park Venture et al sues City of San Antonio and Bernardo Eureste, Rudy Ortiz, Joe Webb, Joe Alderte, Helen Dutmer, and Frank Wing individually for at least $750,000,000 in damages; suit is later dropped.

1977
July

City retains the firm of Ross, Hardies, O'Keefe Babcock, and Parsons to represent the City in the lawsuit.

1977
September

Ross-Hardies drafts, and Council passes, Ordinance #48484, the Interim Development Ordinance. This ordinance recognizes vested rights and permits some development on the recharge zone. It also repealed Ordinance #48106 which precipitated the $750,000,000 lawsuit.

1977

The Texas Water Quality Board is disbanded and the Texas Department of Water Resources is created. TDWR is now charged with protecting the Edwards' quality.

1978
January

Fourth court of Civil Appeals renders its verdict against the City and Zoning by referendum in San Pedro North Ltd. vs. City of San Antonio on the mall case over the Recharge Zone. The decision is subsequently upheld by the Texas Supreme Court and the Supreme Court of the U.S.

1979
February

Planning Commission's Water Resources Task Force issues its report, recommending several policies for conservation, regional planning, and surface water management.

1979

Metcalf & Eddy Study is released; Interim Development Ordinance revoked.

1979
July

Council passes resolution #79-35-74 requesting the CWB to proceed with Applewhite.

   

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